Enterprise architecture and system development defines the broad structure of a system, consisting of its parts, their interrelationships and other visible properties. It consists of constituent units such as business architecture, technology architecture and information systems architecture.
Taken together, they ensure that an organization:
- Meets stakeholder needs
- Aligns its IT with business purposes
- Integrates all departments
- Promotes security
- Brings about data integrity and consistency and
- Reduces duplication and is cost-effective.
Mere enunciation of the architecture tasks in an organization is not enough. These objectives can be put into practice only with a proper engagement process. This helps to establish the rules of governance and the ways in which the architecture process can be managed. Enterprise architecture engagement ensures that EA standards and guidelines are put into effect. It sets out rules specifying ways in which Enterprise Architecture and strategic planning can be carried out by projects. It is an intrinsic part of enterprise architecture governance process.
For effective engagement, interaction between the project team and the architects is critical. It includes various steps such as developing EA standards, carrying out project activities and performing compliance and conflict resolution activities.
It is a process by which the key stakeholders are involved in the company’s IT and business goals. The key stakeholders in the governance process include the company’s overall management, business unit management and project management team.
Governance is the process that ensures that organizational changes are moving in the desired direction, implementing the goals and objectives. Enterprise architecture governance process may consist of clearly spelled or enforced rules or can be broad declaration of IT principles. It helps in creating accountability and achieving an organization’s IT vision.
Enterprise architecture engagement is an important component of the governance process. A collaborative information systems architecture representing all stakeholders will be more effective and successful for the organization.