An Analysis of Japanese and American Textbooks in Mathematics

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Title: An Analysis of Japanese and American Textbooks in Mathematics.
Authors: Stevenson, Harold W.
Descriptors: Comparative EducationCross Cultural StudiesElementary School MathematicsElementary Secondary EducationForeign CountriesMathematical ConceptsMathematics CurriculumMathematics EducationSecondary School MathematicsTextbook ContentTextbook EvaluationTextbook SelectionTextbook Standards
Source: N/A
Peer-Reviewed: N/A
Publisher: N/A
Publication Date: 1985-10-00
Pages: 181
Pub Types: Reports – Descriptive
Abstract: A two part examination of the evidence concerning one possible basis for the poor mathematical performance of United States students, the content of the textbooks used in their classes, is presented. The results of a detailed analysis of Japanese and U.S. mathematics textbooks for grades 1 through 12 are reported. Two international studies (1964 and 1981) and the Dallas Times Herald study are used as the basis for comparison. The first part of the research study contains a discussion of elementary school children in Japan and the United States, similarities and differences in Japanese and U.S. elementary school textbooks, and the differences between the two sets of textbooks when concepts and skills are introduced. The study concludes that material contained in the Japanese elementary school textbooks is somewhat more advanced than in the U.S. texts and concepts and skills are likely to appear earlier in Japanese textbooks. The second part of the study discusses an analysis of secondary school textbooks in the United States and Japan. The paper concludes that U.S. textbooks may form an obstacle to the learning of mathematics because they are long, wordy, and repetitive. Two extensive appendices (over 70% of the document) contain exhaustive summaries of the contents of the Japanese and U.S. elementary and secondary mathematics textbooks chosen for the study, arranged by concept and skill. (RSL)
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0

Note: For other studies in this series on education in Japan, see SO 017 338 and SO 017 443-460.
Identifiers: Japan; United States; United States Study of Education in Japan
Record Type: Non-Journal
Level: 1 – Available on microfiche
Institutions: N/A
Sponsors: Office of Educational Research and Improvement (ED), Washington, DC.
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
Audiences: Policymakers; Researchers
Languages: English
Education Level: Elementary Secondary Education
Direct Link: N/A

 

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