Multi-select ASP.NET datagrid

Sample image

Introduction

ASP.NET datagrid is a very powerful and flexible control, however some features like multi-select is not natively available. This article shows how easily this functionality can be achieved with a few simple tricks.

Background

One of the projects I was working on had a User Inteface requirement for multi-selection of grid rows. User wanted Hotmail or Yahoo style multi-selection facility along with highlighting the selection (hard part).

Using the code

After testing and applying some javascript and grid related coding techinque, I came up with the following working solution.

  • Add Template column for CHECKBOXES for selection (Hotmail/Yahoo style)
  • Add client-side onclick() and javascript for checkboxes, to highlight and mark checked rows.
  • Add server side CheckedChanged() event for preserving highlights. [because everytime on postback datagrid resets colors for the selection]
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<Columns>
 <asp:TemplateColumn>
  <HeaderTemplate>
   <asp:CheckBox id="chkAll" 
      onclick="javascript:SelectAllCheckboxes(this);" runat="server" 
    AutoPostBack="false" ToolTip="Select/Deselect All" />
  </HeaderTemplate>
  <ItemTemplate> 
    <asp:CheckBox id="chkSelect" onclick="javascript:HighlightRow(this);"
        runat="server"OnCheckedChanged= "grdEmployees_CheckedChanged" 
        AutoPostBack="false" />
  </ItemTemplate> 
 </asp:TemplateColumn> 
</Columns>

SelectAllCheckBoxes()

This function is used to have Hotmail style selection, it iterate through every check box on the form and then selects/deselects the checkboxes.

HighlightRow()

The only challenge left was to highlight and un-highlight the rows on selection and deselection. For which, I used HighlightRow() function, please note one very important thing when using <asp:CheckBox> control. It surrounds <SPAN> tags around CHECKBOX and therfore in javascript you have to get the children of the <SPAN> tag.

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    //-------------------------------------------------------------

    // Select all the checkboxes (Hotmail style)

    //-------------------------------------------------------------

    function SelectAllCheckboxes(spanChk){

    // Added as ASPX uses SPAN for checkbox 

    var oItem = spanChk.children;
    var theBox=oItem.item(0)
    xState=theBox.checked;    

        elm=theBox.form.elements;
        for(i=0;i<elm.length;i++)
        if(elm[i].type=="checkbox" && elm[i].id!=theBox.id)
            {
            //elm[i].click();

            if(elm[i].checked!=xState)
            elm[i].click();
            //elm[i].checked=xState;

            }
    }

    //-------------------------------------------------------------

    //----Select highlish rows when the checkboxes are selected

    //

    // Note: The colors are hardcoded, however you can use 

    //       RegisterClientScript blocks methods to use Grid's

    //       ItemTemplates and SelectTemplates colors.

    //         for ex: grdEmployees.ItemStyle.BackColor OR

    //                 grdEmployees.SelectedItemStyle.BackColor

    //-------------------------------------------------------------

    function HighlightRow(chkB)    {
    var oItem = chkB.children;
    xState=oItem.item(0).checked;    
    if(xState)
        {chkB.parentElement.parentElement.style.backgroundColor='lightcoral';
           // grdEmployees.SelectedItemStyle.BackColor

         chkB.parentElement.parentElement.style.color='white'; 
           // grdEmployees.SelectedItemStyle.ForeColor

        }else 
        {chkB.parentElement.parentElement.style.backgroundColor='white'; 
             //grdEmployees.ItemStyle.BackColor

         chkB.parentElement.parentElement.style.color='black'; 
             //grdEmployees.ItemStyle.ForeColor

        }
    }
    // -->

This was the client side story. So far so good. One may argue why not use the plain simple HTML checkbox control? The answer is ASP.NET server control has a viewstate and therefore posting a page retains the rows selection.

Server Side

Now, On the server side we have to make sure the highlights are intact, because on every postback ASP.NET renders grid and loses the highlights. Following method is used for re-rendering the highlights.

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Public Sub grdEmployees_CheckedChanged(ByVal sender As Object, _
    ByVal e As System.EventArgs)
  Dim chkTemp As CheckBox = CType(sender, CheckBox)

  Dim dgi As DataGridItem 

  dgi = CType(chkTemp.Parent.Parent, DataGridItem)
  If (chkTemp.Checked) Then 

    dgi.BackColor = grdEmployees.SelectedItemStyle.BackColor 
    dgi.ForeColor = grdEmployees.SelectedItemStyle.ForeColor
  Else 

    dgi.BackColor = grdEmployees.ItemStyle.BackColor
    dgi.ForeColor = grdEmployees.ItemStyle.ForeColor 
  End If
End Sub

Getting your selection

Its easy! Iterate through the DataGridItems collection and grab the checkbox [for ex. DemoGridItem.Cells(0).Controls(1)]. And verify itsCHECKED property. Oh, also you can use DataKeyField of the dataset to grab specific datarows. Check out the attached code and you will love to find out how easy it is to multi-select rows.

Conclusion

Follow the downloaded code, you can simply use any SQL database. This is my very first article, hope .NET lovers would like it. Feedback is welcome.

 

About eagle081183

Passionate, Loyal
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